Difference between Raster and Vector Graphics

  • Raster Graphics and Vector Graphics are two different types of digital images that are created, edited, and displayed in various ways.
  • The key Difference between Raster and Vector Graphics is that Raster graphics are made up of pixels, while vector graphics are created using mathematical formulas.
  • Raster graphics are resolution-dependent, while vector graphics are resolution-independent.
  • Raster graphics are best for complex images that require a high level of detail and color accuracy, while vector graphics are best for simple graphics that need to be resized frequently.
Raster Vs Vector Images
Raster Vs Vector Images

Comparison Chart


  • Raster and Vector Graphics both have different features and functionalities, here is a comparison of some key features between them.
Raster Graphics Vector Graphics
Made up of pixels or dots Made up of lines and curves
Resolution dependent Resolution independent
Image quality deteriorates Image quality remains constant
Scaling results in loss of data Scaling does not affect the quality
Limited to rectangular shapes Can create any shape
Larger file size for high-res Smaller file size for high-res
Suitable for photographs and images Suitable for logos and designs
Editing is often difficult Editing is easy and flexible
Examples: JPEG, PNG Examples: SVG, AI

What is Raster Graphics?

Raster Graphics: Also known as bitmap images, raster graphics are made up of a grid of individual pixels or dots. Each pixel is assigned a specific color, resulting in a visual representation of the image. Because the quality of a raster image depends on its resolution, enlarging or shrinking the image can result in a loss of data or “pixelation.” Raster graphics are best suited for photographs and images with complex color schemes.

What is Vector Graphics?

Vector Graphics: Unlike raster graphics, vector graphics are made up of lines and curves that are defined by mathematical equations. This means that they can be scaled up or down without losing any image quality. Vector graphics are best suited for logos, illustrations, and designs that require precise lines and shapes. Editing vector graphics is also easier and more flexible compared to raster graphics.

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