- Raster Graphics and Vector Graphics are two different types of digital images that are created, edited, and displayed in various ways.
- The key Difference between Raster and Vector Graphics is that Raster graphics are made up of pixels, while vector graphics are created using mathematical formulas.
- Raster graphics are resolution-dependent, while vector graphics are resolution-independent.
- Raster graphics are best for complex images that require a high level of detail and color accuracy, while vector graphics are best for simple graphics that need to be resized frequently.
- Raster and Vector Graphics both have different features and functionalities, here is a comparison of some key features between them.
|Raster Graphics||Vector Graphics|
|Made up of pixels or dots||Made up of lines and curves|
|Resolution dependent||Resolution independent|
|Image quality deteriorates||Image quality remains constant|
|Scaling results in loss of data||Scaling does not affect the quality|
|Limited to rectangular shapes||Can create any shape|
|Larger file size for high-res||Smaller file size for high-res|
|Suitable for photographs and images||Suitable for logos and designs|
|Editing is often difficult||Editing is easy and flexible|
|Examples: JPEG, PNG||Examples: SVG, AI|
What is Raster Graphics?
Raster Graphics: Also known as bitmap images, raster graphics are made up of a grid of individual pixels or dots. Each pixel is assigned a specific color, resulting in a visual representation of the image. Because the quality of a raster image depends on its resolution, enlarging or shrinking the image can result in a loss of data or “pixelation.” Raster graphics are best suited for photographs and images with complex color schemes.
What is Vector Graphics?
Vector Graphics: Unlike raster graphics, vector graphics are made up of lines and curves that are defined by mathematical equations. This means that they can be scaled up or down without losing any image quality. Vector graphics are best suited for logos, illustrations, and designs that require precise lines and shapes. Editing vector graphics is also easier and more flexible compared to raster graphics.